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Science

LO: Explore adaptations

 

The variation between species and between individuals of the same species means some organisms are more successful. This week, we are going to look at adaptations. There are 3 tasks to complete.

 

TASK 1

Watch this video.

 

List at least 6 examples from the video of how living organisms have adapted to their habitat.

 

The video included 3 vertebrates (2 mammals and a reptile), 2 invertebrates (a crustacean (crab) and a mollusc (octopus)) and 1 plant. Do some research to find an example of an adaptation of

  • 3 more vertebrates (e.g. a fish, a bird and an amphibian)
  • 2 more invertebrates (e.g. an insect and an arachnid)
  • 1 more plant

 

TASK 2

Create a brand new organism that is well adapted to its environment. Click on the red links for more information. Firstly, you need to decide:

1) Climate:

Is it hot?

Is it cold?

2) Diet:

What does it eat? Are they herbivores, carnivores or omnivores?
How are its teeth adapted?

3) Predator or prey?

Are the eyes facing forwards or on the side of the head?
When is it active? Is it diurnal or nocturnal?

4) Skin / covering:

Does it use camouflage or mimicry?

5) Transport:

How does it move?

6) Home:

Where does it live? Where does it lay eggs or raise young?

 

Finally, what does your organism look like?

You might like to draw your idea on a piece of paper or you can use a photo collage app to create an image containing the “best bits” of lots of different organisms.

Picture 1 You could present your ideas like this

If you have enjoyed this task, you could enter this competition run by the Linnean Society

https://www.linnean.org/learning/special-species-competition

 

TASK 3

There are 12 key words in bold on this page. Write a glossary with definitions for each word.

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